I'm not even sure if the older algorithm computed the correct result.
In any case it was numerically very unstable for 2 reasons:
computing the square and then subtracting the results.
In the example in T60935 all precision was lost and it returned the distance 0
for all points.
It might make sense to remove the other algorithm since it is not used anywere.
Also maybe some code can be shared with the dist_squared_to_line_XXX
I also removed the depth parameter since it wasn't used and computing
it would have made the code more complicated.