I have searched in the forums and found quite a few similar reports, which allude to an issue with Intel OpenCL Drivers. My machine does not seem to have Intel OpenCL drivers installed.
Running Window 7 SP1x64 Enterprise
GPU - Nvidia Quadro 600, with latest drivers installed - 354.35
CPU - Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-1620 0 @ 3.60GHz, 3601 Mhz, 4 Core(s), 8 Logical Processor(s)
Dell Precision T3600
Here is what i get from command prompt:
c:\Program Files\Blender Foundation\Blender>blender --factory-startup -d --debug-cycles
Switching to fully guarded memory allocator.
Blender 2.76 (sub 0)
Build: Sun 10/11/2015 10:11 AM Windows
argv = blender-app.exe
argv = --factory-startup
argv = -d
argv = --debug-cycles
Version 272 sub 2 date unknown hash unknown
AL lib: (EE) UpdateDeviceParams: Failed to set 44100hz, got 48000hz instead
found bundled python: c:\Program Files\Blender Foundation\Blender\2.76\python
ED_undo_push: Blender Render
I1029 17:44:29.780628 6488 device_cuda.cpp:1084] CUEW initialization succeeded
I1029 17:44:29.780628 6488 device_cuda.cpp:1086] Found precompiled kernels
I1029 17:44:29.810629 6488 device_opencl.cpp:3617] CLEW initialization succeeded.
With our IT support, we have uninstalled all NVIDIA drivers, rebooted, and did a clean install of the latest, but this did not resolve the issue.
I also tried installing blender on a colleague's workstation, with the same specs but Quadro K600 instead of 600, and it also crashes when attemting to switch to cycles or opening the systems tab in user preferences.