System Information (Two different computers)
Windows 10 Pro, 64bit and Graphics card Nvidia NVS 5200M, (Version 372.70)
Windows 7 Pro, 64bit and Graphics card Nvidia GeForce GTX 750 Ti, (Version 372.70)
Broken: Version 2.77a on both systems
Short description of error
Opening Blender caused the following error: EXCEPTION_ACCESS_VIOLATION
At first this was just opening up certain files already set up and in progress for a project, but after re-installing blender and updating Nvidia graphics card, problem extended to just opening a blank Blender file.
Error seems to be related to when files were switched from Blender Render to Cycles Render
Exact steps for others to reproduce the error
Open Nvidia Graphic card control panel, and in the Manage 3D Settings, open the Program Settings tab. Add Blender in the program customize option, change the preferred graphics processor to High Performance Nvidia processor. Open command prompt and run Blender in debug mode "blender.exe -d" to get error report
On Windows 10 System, changing Preferred Graphics Processor to Intel Integrated Graphics allows the Blender and files in question to open
Fix does not work for Windows 7 System.