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Viewer Node

The Viewer node is used to debug a node-tree while editing it. It is present in the following editors:

  • Compositor
  • Geometry Nodes

Although each editor has their own peculiarities, the idea is the same, the node allows the node-tree to be inspected at that point, bypassing further evaluation steps.

Viewing the Viewer Node

Although the Viewer node is created and made active in the node editors, its result is available in different places:

  • Compositor (backdrop view)
  • Image Editor
  • Spreadsheet Editor
  • Viewport (planned for Blender 3.4)

In order to calculate the result of the Viewer node the node tree needs to be computed separated from the main evaluated result. In other words, just viewing the Viewer node should trigger its evaluation.

Performance

It is very possible to only evaluate the viewer data if any editor is in need of the data to display. The downside of this is that it means users may need to wait for the data to be computed when the viewport is to show the Viewer node. This is not different than waiting for the dependency graph when switching View Layers.

Active Viewer Node

Changes planned for 3.4, starting with Geometry Nodes.

The information about which Viewer node is active is stored per workspace. This way this is treated as user interface data.

So for every window there is only one active Viewer node per type (compositor, geometry nodes) which is displayed in the relevant editors.

Within a node editor it should be possible to quickly activate a Viewer node (e.g., by clicking on it, or creating a new one with Ctrl+Shift+Click in a node). Deactivating the node should also be possible from the same place (e.g., by clicking again on it).

Quality of Life Improvement

When a user activates a Viewer node, or connect an output to it, it can be assumed that they want to see the result of this Viewer node. As such Blender can automatically make sure the other open editors (e.g., Viewport) enable viewing the Viewer node results.

For Geometry Nodes and the viewport the same behaviour will apply (in Blender 3.4).

Future Plans

  • Compositor Viewer node result in the viewport (for the new real-time compositor).
  • Multiple Viewer nodes: In the future Blender can also support multiple (properly named) Viewer nodes to be visible in the editors for a more advanced debug setup.
  • Support for Viewer node for shading node-trees.